Constantin Brancusi, or ''Brâncusi''
(1876 - 1957)Constantin Brancusi was a Romanian artist, now known across the globe for his modernist sculptures. Considered a pioneer of modernism, one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture. As a child he displayed an aptitude for carving wooden farm tools. Formal studies took him first to Bucharest, then to Munich, then to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1905 to 1907. His art emphasizes clean geometrical lines that balance forms inherent in his materials with the symbolic allusions of representational art. Brâncuși sought inspiration in non-European cultures as a source of primitive exoticism, as did Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, André Derain and others. But other influences emerge from Romanian folk art traceable through Byzantine and Dionysian traditions.
Constantin Brâncuși on the 500 leu Romanian banknote (1991–1992)
Though Brancusi reached a high-level of fame and recognition, he had a humble beginning in the village of Hobita, Romania near the Carpathian Mountains. His parents were both laborers who lived in poverty and sent young Brancusi to work herding their flock of sheep. In the village, Brancusi was exposed to the local tradition of woodworking, and showed great skill and craftsmanship. Madamoiselle Pogany (1913)
Source: GoogleBy the age of nine Brancusi fled his village to seek work in larger towns, eventually settling in Craiova. After several years of working odd jobs, one of Brancusi's employers noticed his skillful carvings and offered to fund courses at the local art school, Craiova Scoala de Meserii. Brancusi accepted the offer and earned an art degree in 1898.
Poarta Saratului (Location: Tg.Jiu Romania) The Bird | The Kiss | Princess X
Source: GoogleBrancusi's enthusiasm for the arts led him to continue his studies at the Bucharest School of Fine Arts, where he delved more deeply in sculptural studies. Brancusi's work was well-reviewed by art communities and Europe, and in 1903, Brancusi was invited to work in the workshop of Antonin Mercié and Rodin in Paris.
The Infinity Column
Source: GoogleSymbolizes the concept of Infinity and the infinite sacrifice of the Romanian soldiers. It is considered by Sydnei Geist the top point of the modern art. The Infinity Column stacks 17 rhomboidal modules, with a half-unit at the top. The incomplete top unit is thought to be the element that expresses the concept of the infinite
The ensemble is considered to be one of the great works of 20th-century outdoor sculpture. All 17 rhomboidal modules accumulate a total height of 29.3 m .
Masa Tacerii (or The Apostles' Table) 1937-1938
After several years of work, study and apprenticeships, Brancusi began to develop his own trademark style. Brancusi worked in a variety of media ranging from wood, marble, clay and metal. Eventually most of Brancusi's work consisted of carvings. By 1913 Brancusi began to enjoy considerable popularity in Romania, France and the United States. Brancusi exhibited in Paris salons as well as in New York modern art shows.
Sleeping Muse 1910 (bronze)
Source: GoogleBrancusi created a great deal of controversy in 1920 after exhibiting "Princess X", a bronze phallus, symbolizing Princess Marie Bonaparte's sexual activity and desires. The piece was also a commentary on society's conservatism towards masturbation and sexual freedom. As Brancusi's career progressed he was commissioned to do several public works, including a World War I memorial in Tirgu-Jiu as well as Romanian monuments to honor those lost during the German invasion.
Source: GoogleBrancusi is remembered for dressing as a Romanian peasant, and honoring his guests with traditional Romanian meals. Despite his nostalgia for Romanian culture, Brancusi resided in Paris for much of his life and became a French citizen in 1952, towards the end of his life. In France, Brancusi decided to leave his studio to the Musée National d'Art Moderne in Paris, contingent upon the agreement that it would be left intact. At the time of Brancusi's death he had a portfolio of over two hundred sculptures and over one thousand photographs. Brancusi's work is now in major art collections, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the National Museum of Art of Romania in Bucharest. Brancusi's studio is now on display near the Pompidou Centre in Paris.
________________________________ Interesting fact about one of Brancusi Sclupture
:Donation of 100,000 lei (aprox. 22.196,08 EUR) for ‘Wisdom of the Earth’ from Notaries’ Union.
The Union of Notaries Public of Romania announced on Tuesday its contribution of 100,000 lei to the crowd-funding organized by the Government to purchase Constantin Brancusi’s sculpture – “Wisdom of the Earth.”
According to a press release issued on Tuesday, the notaries public in Romania are joining the Ministry of Culture’s efforts to re-bring Brancusi’s sculpture into the national heritage, one of the most important national projects.
The national crowd-funding campaign “Brancusi is mine” is aimed at raising 6 million euro in public donations until the end of September. Added to this amount there is 5 million euro allocated by the Government for Brancusi’s artwork to enter into state ownership after it is bought from its current owners.
So far, the crowd-funding has amounted to 361,098 euros.
Wisdom of the Earth (1908)
Source: GoogleConstantin Brancusi is the latest person to be celebrated with a Google Doodle - on the 135th anniversary of his birth.
Constantin Brancusi Quotes
-"I ground matter to find the continuous line. And when I realized I could not find it, I stopped, as if an unseen someone had slapped my hands."
I hope that you have a better knowledge of who Brancusi is after reading this!
-"Work like a slave; command like a king; create like a god."
Will be great if you will create one journal like this but writing about one of the most popular artists in your country!
Use the #arthistory tag so I will find it easier.